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ƒA ƒJ ƒT ƒ^ ƒi ƒn ƒ} ƒ„ ƒ‰ ƒ –’Ϊ
ƒC ƒL ƒV ƒ` ƒj ƒq ƒ~ ƒŠ “‡ –’’θ
ƒE ƒN ƒX ƒc ƒk ƒt ƒ€ ƒ† ƒ‹ ’O –؏Ϊ
ƒG ƒP ƒZ ƒe ƒl ƒw ƒ ƒŒ
ƒI ƒR ƒ\ ƒg ƒm ƒz ƒ‚ ƒˆ ƒ

ƒX ( 438ƒŒƒR[ƒh)

˜a@–Ό‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒVƒ‡ƒEƒKƒC …»ŠLƒXƒCƒVƒ‡ƒEƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒCƒVƒ‡ƒEƒKƒC(ƒ\ƒfƒ{ƒ‰)‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒWƒKƒC …ŽšŠLƒXƒCƒVƒ‡ƒEƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒCƒVƒ‡ƒEƒKƒC(ƒ\ƒfƒ{ƒ‰)‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒqƒcƒVƒƒƒWƒN …•MŽΤŽ²ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒNƒ_ƒ}ƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒtƒKƒC …•vŠLƒLƒZƒƒ^ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒCƒtƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒŒƒ“ƒCƒ‚ ‡˜@ˆπƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒ“ƒzƒEƒAƒcƒuƒ^ƒKƒCƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒ“ƒzƒEƒJƒƒjƒi (‰ΌΜ)ƒIƒjƒmƒcƒmƒKƒC’΄‰Θ PACHYCHILIDAE
ƒXƒCƒ“ƒzƒEƒMƒZƒ‹ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒCƒ“ƒzƒEƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒiƒWƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒGƒqƒƒoƒCƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒ]ƒoƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒGƒ‚ƒmƒKƒC‚Μ’‡ŠΤ01 –’ΪƒlƒŠƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒGƒ‚ƒmƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒGƒ‰ƒVƒIƒIƒ^ƒƒ‰ (‰ΌΜ)ƒ|ƒŠƒlƒVƒAƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒIƒ^ƒƒ‰ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒJƒVƒGƒrƒX “§^ƒIƒLƒiƒGƒrƒX’΄‰Θ ƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒƒGƒrƒXƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC “§ŠLƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒJƒVƒqƒ^ƒ`ƒIƒrƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒKƒNƒtƒ{ƒ‰(ƒqƒ^ƒ`ƒIƒr)‰Θ
ƒXƒKƒC Ό‘Ύ•½—m‚ΜŒ^ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒŠƒ…ƒEƒeƒ“ƒTƒUƒG‰Θ
ƒXƒKƒC |ŠLƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒŠƒ…ƒEƒeƒ“ƒTƒUƒG‰Θ
ƒXƒKƒmƒ~ƒ„ƒJƒZƒ“ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒLƒQƒqƒoƒŠ‚ΜˆκŽνƒCƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒLƒQƒqƒoƒŠ‚ΜˆκŽνƒCƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒLƒqƒƒJƒ^ƒx “§•P•Π•”ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒŠƒ…ƒEƒeƒ“ƒTƒUƒG‰Θ
ƒXƒMƒ^ƒjƒZƒRƒoƒC (ƒIƒ{ƒƒZƒRƒoƒC)ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒZƒRƒoƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒMƒ‚ƒgƒCƒ‚ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒMƒ‚ƒgƒMƒZƒ‹ ™–{‰ŒŠΗƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒNƒ~ƒEƒYƒ‰ƒKƒCƒ„ƒcƒVƒƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒcƒVƒƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒNƒ~ƒŠƒ“ƒSƒKƒC (ƒWƒƒƒ“ƒ{ƒ^ƒjƒV)ƒŠƒ“ƒSƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒŠƒ“ƒSƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒOƒEƒlƒgƒNƒT ’Ό€–Ψ‘―ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ^ƒPƒmƒRƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒOƒqƒ_ƒMƒZƒ‹ ’Όεό‰ŒŠΗƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒPƒŒƒŠƒ„ƒ}ƒLƒTƒS (‰ΌΜ)ƒAƒ}ƒIƒuƒl’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒ}ƒLƒTƒS‰Θ
ƒXƒQƒKƒT ›Š}ƒcƒ^ƒmƒnƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒVƒƒKƒTƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒRƒbƒeƒBƒGƒrƒXƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒYƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒRƒbƒgƒJƒƒjƒi (‰ΌΜ)ƒIƒjƒmƒcƒmƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒJƒƒjƒi‰Θ
ƒXƒRƒbƒgƒWƒ‡[ƒ_ƒ“ƒCƒ‚ i‰ΌΜjƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒRƒrƒjƒtƒH[ƒ€ƒJƒjƒ‚ƒŠ (‰ΌΜ)ƒIƒjƒmƒcƒmƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒjƒmƒcƒmƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒUƒ“ƒkƒ^ƒKƒ„ƒTƒ“ƒ~ƒiƒVƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒ‚ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒAƒIƒ~ƒIƒJƒ^ƒjƒVƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒEƒH[ƒ‹ƒRƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC (‰ΌΜ)ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒXƒJƒ‹ƒS(ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC)‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒEƒXƒIƒJƒ^ƒjƒV‚Μ’‡ŠΤƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒjƒV‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒIƒJƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒ (‰ΌΜ)ƒAƒtƒŠƒJƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒJƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒ‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒIƒKƒ^ƒUƒNƒ‰ƒjƒbƒRƒEƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒjƒbƒRƒEƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒIƒLƒiƒƒMƒZƒ‹ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒNƒ`ƒgƒWƒMƒZƒ‹‚Μ’‡ŠΤƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒjƒOƒ`ƒMƒZƒ‹‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒNƒŠƒ€ƒVƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒNƒŠƒ€ƒVƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒVƒ^ƒ_ƒ~ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒYƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒfƒŠƒ}ƒMƒZƒ‹ (‰ΌΜ)ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒCƒŠƒpƒ‰ƒƒ“ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC i‰ΌΜjƒiƒ“ƒoƒ“ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒiƒ“ƒoƒ“ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒEƒYƒ‰ƒKƒCƒ„ƒcƒVƒƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒcƒVƒƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒIƒJƒ^ƒ}ƒLƒrƒ^ƒ}ƒLƒr’΄‰Θ ƒ„ƒ}ƒ^ƒ}ƒLƒr‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒOƒƒjƒVƒLƒjƒiƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒ]ƒoƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒOƒƒzƒ‰ƒ_ƒ}ƒVƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒ]ƒoƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒPƒVƒKƒCƒIƒJƒ~ƒ~ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒPƒVƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒTƒ“ƒSƒ„ƒhƒŠƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒTƒ“ƒSƒ„ƒhƒŠ Mozambique formƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒTƒ“ƒSƒ„ƒhƒŠ cf.ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒVƒ}ƒCƒKƒJƒmƒRƒAƒ}ƒIƒuƒl’΄‰Θ ƒAƒ}ƒIƒuƒlƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒZƒCƒˆƒEƒCƒ^ƒ„ƒCƒ^ƒ„ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ^ƒ„ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒ^ƒ}ƒ}ƒLƒoƒJƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒoƒJƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒ`ƒ…[ƒŠƒbƒvƒ{ƒ‰‚ΜˆκŽνƒAƒNƒLƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒ]ƒoƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒiƒVƒZƒ“ƒxƒCƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC (‰ΌΜ)ƒiƒ“ƒoƒ“ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC’΄‰Θ ƒiƒ“ƒoƒ“ƒ}ƒCƒ}ƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒnƒ}ƒVƒCƒmƒ~ƒIƒJƒ~ƒ~ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒIƒJƒ~ƒ~ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒqƒƒAƒƒrƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒYƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒWƒqƒŒƒcƒmƒNƒ_ƒ}ƒL(‰ΌΜ) –’ΪƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒNƒ_ƒ}ƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒzƒVƒ€ƒVƒ„ƒhƒŠƒEƒƒRƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ`ƒŠƒnƒMƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒWƒ}ƒLƒAƒƒrƒIƒLƒiƒGƒrƒX’΄‰Θ ƒ~ƒ~ƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒYƒKƒCƒjƒIƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒjƒIƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒYƒƒnƒ}ƒcƒ{ƒIƒjƒmƒcƒmƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒYƒƒnƒ}ƒcƒ{‰Θ
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ƒXƒ\ƒJƒKƒŠƒcƒmƒNƒ_ƒ}ƒLƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒNƒ_ƒ}ƒLƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒJƒPƒKƒCƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒLƒŒƒKƒCƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒLƒŒƒKƒC‚ΜˆκŽνƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒXƒJƒVƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒOƒƒNƒ`ƒLƒŒ ž•ŒϋΨƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒgƒEƒKƒ^ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒWƒƒLƒCƒ{ƒLƒŠƒIƒŒ (‰ΌΜ)ƒ~ƒcƒNƒ`ƒLƒŠƒIƒŒƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ~ƒcƒNƒ`ƒLƒŠƒIƒŒƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒ\ƒxƒjƒ_ƒJƒ‰ƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒ€ƒ‰ƒTƒLƒCƒ‚ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒ‚ƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒ\ƒ€ƒ‰ƒTƒLƒ_ƒJƒ‰ƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ\ƒˆƒcƒƒ_ƒJƒ‰ žŽl–Ϊ•σƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ^ƒJƒ‰ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ^ƒAƒ“ƒYƒMƒZƒ‹ (ƒXƒ^[ƒ“ƒYƒMƒZƒ‹)ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ^[ƒ“ƒYƒMƒZƒ‹‚Μ’‡ŠΤ –’ΪƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒLƒZƒ‹ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ_ƒeƒJƒTƒKƒCƒcƒ^ƒmƒnƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒ†ƒLƒmƒJƒTƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒ_ƒŒƒOƒ‹ƒ}ƒNƒ‹ƒ}ƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒNƒ‹ƒ}ƒKƒC‰Θ
ƒXƒ_ƒŒƒVƒ‰ƒIƒ‚ƒVƒIƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒGƒ]ƒVƒ‰ƒIƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒ_ƒŒƒ`ƒOƒT‹ίŽ—ŽνƒjƒVƒLƒEƒY’΄‰Θ ƒjƒVƒLƒEƒYƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒ_ƒŒƒˆƒVƒKƒCƒjƒbƒRƒEƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒVƒIƒTƒUƒiƒ~ƒKƒC‰Θ
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ƒXƒyƒCƒ“ƒyƒ‹ƒiƒCƒKƒCƒCƒKƒC’΄‰Θ ƒCƒKƒC‰Θ
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